P.O Box 225,

Montagu, South Africa

6720

Proud producers of quality rootstocks and scions for peach, pear, almond, nectarine, plum, plumcot, quince, pomegranate, fig, apricot and prune trees.

©JD VAN DEVENTER'S KWEKERY  Established in 1978.

Cultivar;Ferragnes -FR 604

Clone Number; FR 604

Origin; France, by crossing Ai and Cristomorto

Royalties/ Levies; R6.30 Levy 

Yield; moderate to heavy (18kg per tree in good years, 6kg in poor seasons)

Fruit use; A large, pleasant tasting, elongated almond variety, with no doubles. Can be raw, roasted, processed

Type; Not enough data

Shelf-life; Approximately two years, depending on the type of processing used.

Water requirements; 8.5 to 12 Mega-litres per hectare per year

Soil type; can be grown in almost any soil type, but a well-draining soil with a pH of around 6.5 to 8 is best.

Sun requirements; at least 6 hours of full sun daily

Chill hours; about 1000 hours

Pruning; Can be done to reduce pathogens, keep the orchard tidy and create pathways for workers and farm machinery. In the developmental years, pruning helps prevent the trees branches from breaking under heavy yields, but after the first two or three years it is best to keep it to a minimum.

Soil depth; All nut trees have long tap roots and thus require deep soil to thrive.

Care; Prefers long, hot summers in a climate with a low humidity.

Fertiliser requirements; Need lots of nitrogen and phosphorous for good growth

Pollination requirements; Like most almond varieties, Ferranges does not self-pollinate and requires another compatible variety of almonds to be pollinated.

Successful test-crosses; Nonpareil, Texas mission,Ferraduel, Ferrastar, Lauranne and other late pollenizers.

Bloom time; late August

Harvest time; Middle of February

Vigor; strong

Size and shape; Semi-open tree, final size is 5m

Tree age; takes 3 to 4 years before fruiting

Average life span; 20 to 25 years depending on the rootstock used.

Susceptibility to pests and disease; reasonably tolerant to fungal diseases, resistant to monilia, blossom blight resistant.

General notes; Shells are difficult to crack, kernels are easily split. Nuts are good quality. Ferranges has a better resistance to cold than other varieties, as other almonds can have bloom issues if exposed to temperatures under -2°C. Not recommended as the main cultivar.