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ALMONDS:Peerless -PL 410

Cultivar; Peerless -PL 410

Clone Number; PL 410

Origin; USA

Royalties/ Levies;Not enough data

Yield; moderate (9kg per tree)

Fruit use; moderate to poor quality fruit with little taste, 

Type; in-shell

Shelf-life; Approximately two years, depending on the type of processing used.

Water requirements; 8.5 to 12 Mega-litres per hectare per year

Soil type; can be grown in almost any soil type, but a well-draining soil with a pH of around 6.5 to 8 is best.

Sun requirements; at least 6 hours of full sun daily

Chill hours;  375 hours under 7C

Pruning; Can be done to reduce pathogens, keep the orchard tidy and create pathways for workers and farm machinery. In the developmental years, pruning helps prevent the trees branches from breaking under heavy yields, but after the first two or three years it is best to keep it to a minimum.

Soil depth; All nut trees have long tap roots and thus require deep soil to thrive.

Care; Prefers long, hot summers in a climate with a low humidity.

Fertiliser requirements; Need lots of nitrogen and phosphorous for good growth

Pollination requirements; Like most almond varieties, Peerless does not self-pollinate and requires another compatible variety of almonds to be pollinated.

Successful test-crosses; nonpareil, ne plus ultra, Price, Carmel, Monterey, Avalon, Sonora

Bloom time; early (middle August)

Harvest time; early (first week of February)

Vigor; strong

Size and shape; semi-spreading, medium tree.

Tree age; takes 3 to 4 years before fruiting

Average life span; 20 to 25 years depending on the rootstock used.

Susceptibility to pests and disease; susceptible to frost damage, resistant to bud damage and insects.

General notes; Peerless is NOT recommended as the main cultivar, however, it makes a good pollenizer of many varieties. Despite it's failings, peerless is considered one of the better in-shell varieties of almonds. Peerless has a moderate fruit drop during October, and can be marketed as an in-shell variety. Recommended as an early pollinator of Nonpareil.

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