Cultivar; Texas Mission -TX 412
Clone Number; TX 412
Origin; Texas 1891
Royalties/ Levies; not enough data
Yield; regular to heavy
Fruit use; slightly bitter, plump fruit with a strong flavor, mostly used to make salted or roasted almonds.
Type; mission type nut
Shelf-life; Approximately two years, depending on the type of processing used.
Water requirements; 8.5 to 12 Mega-litres per hectare per year
Soil type; can be grown in almost any soil type, but a well-draining soil with a pH of around 6.5 to 8 is best.
Sun requirements; at least 6 hours of full sun daily
Chill hours; 1000 units
Pruning; Can be done to reduce pathogens, keep the orchard tidy and create pathways for workers and farm machinery. In the developmental years, pruning helps prevent the trees branches from breaking under heavy yields, but after the first two or three years it is best to keep it to a minimum.
Soil depth; All nut trees have long tap roots and thus require deep soil to thrive.
Care; Prefers long, hot summers in a climate with a low humidity.
Fertiliser requirements; Need lots of nitrogen and phosphorous for good growth
Pollination requirements; Like most almond varieties, Texas mission does not self-pollinate well and requires another compatible variety of almonds to be pollinated.
Successful test-crosses; all-in-one, nonpareil, price, carmel, butte, padre, is semi-self fertile.
Bloom time; late August, early September
Harvest time; late February
Vigor; good, can be trained
Size and shape; large upright tree
Tree age; takes 3 to 4 years before fruiting
Average life span; 20 to 25 years depending on the rootstock used.
Susceptibility to pests and disease; sensitive to salty soils and brackish water, excellent resistance to pests and disease
General notes; knocks easily, one of the top ten almond cultivars, disease resistant, worm resistant, makes a good late pollinator for Nonpareil.