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ALMONDS:Ne Plus Ultra -NE 409

Cultivar; Ne Plus Ultra -NE 409

Clone Number; NE 409

Origin; France

Royalties/ Levies;  not enough data

Yield; 6kg per tree

Fruit use; the fruits are sweet, used  in medicinal and commercial processing. Nuts are of poor quality and are not worth as much as other varieties.

Type; a french variety

Shelf-life; Approximately two years, depending on the type of processing used.

Water requirements; 8.5 to 12 Mega-litres per hectare per year

Soil type; can be grown in almost any soil type, but a well-draining soil with a pH of around 6.5 to 8 is best.

Sun requirements; at least 6 hours of full sun daily

Chill hours; 250 hours below 7C

Pruning; Can be done to reduce pathogens, keep the orchard tidy and create pathways for workers and farm machinery. In the developmental years, pruning helps prevent the trees branches from breaking under heavy yields, but after the first two or three years it is best to keep it to a minimum.

Soil depth; All nut trees have long tap roots and thus require deep soil to thrive.

Care; Prefers long, hot summers in a climate with a low humidity.

Fertiliser requirements; Need lots of nitrogen and phosphorous for good growth

Pollination requirements; Like most almond varieties, Ne Plus Ultra does not self-pollinate and requires another compatible variety of almonds to be pollinated.

Successful test-crosses; nonpareil, peerless,

Bloom time;middle of August

Harvest time; First week of February 

Vigor; medium

Size and shape; large, spreading reaches about 4m tall.

Tree age; takes 3 to 4 years before fruiting

Average life span; 20 to 25 years depending on the rootstock used.

Susceptibility to pests and disease; susceptible to frost, highly susceptible to Xanthomonas.

General notes; Easily damaged by frost, often used as a pollinator for other varieties. Often subject to fruit drop. Relatively heat and drought tolerant.

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